Demographers at the National Research University Higher School of Economics have come to the conclusion that by the end of the 21st century, the population of Russia will be within the boundaries of the “wide fork” from 67.4 million to 216.7 million people, the 360 TV channel reports. According to the most likely scenario, up to 137.5 million citizens will live in the country by the beginning of the next century.
“If our population density becomes huge, much more than it is now, then we will form mega-agglomerations when the city ceases to be a city in the classical sense. There will be a continuous optimized high-rise territory, ”said Maltseva in an interview with Lenta.Ru.
She added that with an increase in population density, transport will change primarily due to the need for people to move faster between parts of the agglomerations.
“For example, now in order to get from one end of Moscow to the other, you need to spend one and a half, and sometimes two hours, and even by car. If we have such mega-agglomerations, then high-speed trains will appear that will be able to deliver you from one agglomeration to another in the same time, ”the urbanist noted.
She stressed that in the future, in the event of a serious increase in population density, it will be necessary to pay maximum attention not only to the comfort of the apartment itself, that is, whether there are enough square meters to feel comfortable and whether there are all amenities for living there, but also to public spaces that a person can use every day, going outside his home. This is already being done in China, the specialist concluded.
On June 9, President Vladimir Putin called demography the first task of the state. He noted that there should be more residents of Russia and at the same time they must certainly be healthy.
Last year, the Russian Pension Fund (PFR) predicted that 1.37 million children would be born in the country in 2022. At the same time, in 2023 this figure is expected to be within 1 million 385.5 thousand newborns, and in 2024 – 1 million 399.2 thousand.