Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed instructions on the results of the report on the work of the government in 2020, presented to the deputies on May 12. So, already this week, the departments will have to prepare a draft government act on the allocation of funds from the reserve fund for health facilities, funding for which has been reduced. Also, officials will develop proposals for improving the monitoring system for achieving national goals, motivating regions to increase their own revenues, as well as supporting import substitution.

The list of instructions to ministries and departments following the speech of Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin with a report for 2020 in the State Duma turned out to be relatively small – in total, 16 instructions of a social and economic nature were signed. For some of them, the deadlines turned out to be short: for example, the order should already be fulfilled to submit to the government a draft resolution on the allocation of 9.5 billion rubles in 2021. for a transfer to the Social Insurance Fund to provide the disabled with means of rehabilitation (deadline – May 21).

In the next four days The Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Finance should prepare a draft government act on the allocation of money from the reserve fund this year to finance the construction of healthcare facilities at the level stipulated in last year’s budget. Let us explain that during the report, the deputies drew attention to the fact that when the federal budget for 2021–2023 was adopted, funding for 17 regional health facilities was reduced, in particular, oncological hospitals and tuberculosis dispensaries. As Mikhail Mishustin explained, this measure was forced: “This, of course, is a consequence of the fight against coronavirus, because we were prioritizing.” In general, the work on the execution of these instructions should be completed by the beginning of August.

Also in the list – preparation of proposals for improving the management and monitoring system for achieving national goals… The Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Finance, together with other interested departments, will have to send them to the White House by June 30 (responsible – First Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Belousov and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Grigorenko). It should be noted that the monitoring system for the implementation of national projects has already been updated in connection with their extension – at the end of the year, a real-time tracking system for the implementation of targets was created. The very same management scheme presupposes the coordination of all actions by the specialized deputy prime ministers who are personally responsible for achieving the goals, and the governors and heads of municipalities are responsible for the implementation of national projects in their territories.

For regions will be worked out the issue of increasing the share of subsidies to them in the total volume of interbudgetary transfers – by June 21, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economy will have to report the results of this work to the government. It should be noted that this year the subjects of the Russian Federation have already been promised measures to reduce the debt burden on their budgets – the restructuring of budget loans and their replacement of commercial loans. At the same time, the issue of motivating the regions to increase the income of their own budgets should be worked out in relation to the calculation of the amount of subsidies for equalizing budgetary provision and the level of co-financing of expenditure obligations of the regions. Earlier, the head of the Accounts Chamber Alexei Kudrin also spoke about the need to increase the share of revenues that the regions can dispose of at their discretion (subsidies are “colored” assistance related to the implementation of, for example, national projects), but so far the financial independence of the regions is decreasing.

Also government formalized its promises to update import substitution plans – The prime minister noted during the report that work in this direction will be prioritized, this year the budget for it has provided more than 330 billion rubles. Updated sectoral import substitution plans must be approved by August 2. A little earlier – before July 15 – the Ministry of Industry and Trade, together with the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Economy and the State Duma, will have to work out proposals on additional measures to support import substitution and submit them to the White House.

Evgeniya Kryuchkova