“If the sea water temperature is above 20 degrees, a large number of people are in the sea at the same time, some of whom have intestinal disorders, fungal diseases or ulcers. And bathers prefer to use the sea as a toilet. A river flows near the beach or various sewage enters the water area, and after the past precipitation, illegal sewerage and industrial waste disposal, these factors create a favorable environment for bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites, ”the doctor emphasized.
According to her, bathing in sea water is associated with risks of catching rota- and enterovirus infections, hepatitis A, E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio cholerae, which are usually transmitted through the mouth. Infections also enter the body through wounds, mucous membranes or through the sclera of the eyes, for example, when diving with open eyes, as well as when water enters the nose or ears.
“In sea water, despite popular belief, there is no risk of contracting helminths or fungal diseases. Helminth eggs can theoretically be in the water, but more often they enter the body with food, through dirty hands or with dirty food water, and fungal spores live more likely in showers, bathrooms, locker rooms, deck chairs and other common areas. There is no risk of getting leptospirosis, typhoid fever and cescariasis (bather’s itch): these diseases are found in fresh water, ”Safonova specified.
To reduce the risk of infection, preference should be given to beaches whose water regularly undergoes sanitary control. It is also recommended to choose sparsely populated or deserted beaches, and also, if possible, sail away from the coast: the highest concentration of water with microorganisms and mud is on the surf line. In addition, you should not swallow sea water, and while diving without swimming goggles and masks, close your eyes, the expert advises.
She also urged people not to wash vegetables and fruits in sea water, to cover public sun loungers and trestle beds with their own towels, and to take a shower after bathing.
“And finally: if on a sea holiday you still fell victim to a gastrointestinal disorder caused by rota and enteroviruses, as well as E. coli, do not try to be treated with alcohol. Firstly, infections are different – bacterial and viral, and alcohol has no effect on viruses. Secondly, taking alcohol as a remedy for dysentery, you risk exacerbating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, provoking an attack of pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas, ”the doctor warned.
Instead, you should take sorbents and consult a doctor: intestinal infections require medical supervision, as they can give complications that pose a danger to health and life.
The day before, Safonova spoke about the dangers of bathing in fountains, since such water does not undergo disinfection. This is ordinary industrial water, which is only filtered from debris. In this regard, lovers of cooling in fountains risk getting diseases such as conjunctivitis, fungal infections, helminthic infestations, enterovirus and rotavirus infections, E. coli, cholera, viral hepatitis A.