The Ministry of Construction proposes to summarize all information reflecting the life cycle of capital construction objects in a single register. According to the department’s bill, such a register can be launched from 2024. It will include data on the unique numbers of objects, on building permits, and administrative procedures will be tied to it. According to experts, this will increase the transparency of the industry, help fight unfinished and unauthorized construction, and also reduce the time required for the passage of administrative procedures.
The Ministry of Construction has prepared a basic draft law for the digitalization of the construction industry – the department proposed to provide provisions on a single register of capital construction objects in the Town Planning Code. Now there is no information system that would combine all information about objects at all stages from design to commissioning.
It was proposed to include in the register data reflecting the entire life cycle of the object, in particular, on the identification numbers of the objects, on the conclusions of the examination of project documentation, on permits for the construction and commissioning of the object, as well as on the conclusions on the compliance of the constructed object with various requirements (for example, technical regulations) …
The Ministry of Construction will keep the register, the rules for its formation will be approved by the government – it is assumed that the amendments will come into force in 2024. The Ministry of Construction also cites the lack of uniform regulation of the rules for the implementation of administrative procedures in the construction sector as an argument in favor of creating a register (federal is often supplemented by regional and local). There is also no single procedure for transferring the interaction of the participants in relations in the field of urban planning into a digital form. According to the project, part of the administrative procedures will be tied to the register – for example, the issuance of construction permits will not be allowed until information about them is included in the register, and the issuance of expert opinions on design documentation will not be allowed if the facility is not assigned a unique number.
According to the head of the All-Russian Center for National Building Policy Alexander Moor, the creation of such a “document flow databank” makes the industry much more transparent, since each object will have its own “information footprint”, which will prevent unauthorized construction. In addition, within the framework of digitalization, additional conditions are created for the development of the industry – transparency, the expert says, “always reduces administrative barriers, since corruption risks are reduced.”
The National Association of Builders, Kommersant, explained that the presence of such a register will allow to consolidate a unified procedure for issuing various permits, which will increase the transparency of procedures, as well as allow assessing risks in the implementation of projects and taking measures if the contractor cannot complete construction. As a result, “such a thing as an abandoned object will disappear,” the association said.
It should be noted that the authorities regard the reduction of administrative barriers as an impetus to accelerate the pace of construction – along with the digitalization of the industry, the number of mandatory requirements in it is decreasing. So, yesterday the government updated the list of mandatory requirements in construction – from September 1, almost 4 thousand out of 7 thousand of them (for example, limiting the use of new materials and design solutions) are being transferred to the category of recommendations. A year earlier, the authorities canceled 3,000 such requirements. According to the president of the Osnova Group of Companies, the chairman of the commission on the building materials and technologies industry of the Public Council under the Ministry of Construction Alexander Ruchev, the industry is “really bureaucratic – there are many outdated and long-lost requirements”, therefore, the planned work to cancel them is, of course, plus for the market, to increase its transparency and efficiency. “