Review with passion // All CCTV cameras in Russia are planned to be combined into a single system

The government plans to create an information system “National Video Surveillance Platform”, which will become a single circuit for analyzing video from all city cameras in the country. The development of the system and installation of not ordinary, but “smart” cameras (with the function of primary information analysis) is estimated at 250 billion rubles. The project, the implementation of which should take five years, according to sources of Kommersant, can be entrusted to a joint venture between Rostec and Rostelecom.

Sources of Kommersant told that the government is discussing the development of the GIS “National Video Surveillance Platform”, which will unite the video surveillance systems operating in the cities of the country into a single circuit. It is planned to spend 250 billion rubles on the development of the platform and installation of cameras. in five years. National Technologies LLC is considered as a GIS development contractor (49% belongs to Rostelecom and 51% belongs to Rostec). The structures of Rostec will be engaged in the hardware part of the project, and Rostelecom – in the software. These companies declined to comment. The Ministry of Industry and Trade said that the initiative “comes from the industry.” The idea of ​​developing such a GIS was discussed at a meeting of the interdepartmental commission for the implementation and development of the hardware and software complex (AIC) of the Safe City technical means (it includes the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the FSB) on May 13, the General Designer of the Safe City system confirmed to Kommersant. city ​​»Oksana Yakimyuk.

It is assumed that the GIS “National Video Surveillance Platform” will become an integral part of the updated APK “Safe City”, explains Oksana Yakimyuk. The entire project was previously estimated at RUB 97 billion. VEB.RF can become a source of funding, which, under concession agreements or life cycle contracts, will allocate up to 3 billion rubles to each subject of the federation. for the purchase of solutions for the agro-industrial complex (see “Kommersant” from June 1).

The project “National Video Surveillance Platform” involves scaling the technology that is used in Moscow, but with a different approach, explains a source close to the project. Now city video surveillance systems send video to data centers using a continuous stream method, he notes. “This is a dead-end technology that requires too many data centers, so the cameras that will be launched within the GIS are planned to be equipped with computing modules,” he explains. Thanks to this, the camera will independently recognize and record incidents, such as crimes, and only then send the video stream to the data center. The built-in neural network can assess what is happening in the frame, and the storage built into the camera allows continuous recording, but with restrictions on the observation period, says Dmitry Laskov, director of the technical department of HiTech LLC. Some camera manufacturers offer the function of recognizing numbers and even faces, says Igor Kravchenko, Deputy Director for Innovation Markets at Reksoft. Cameras with built-in analytics and the ability to record are already actively used in retail and industry, says Pavel Lobanovsky, an expert in the engineering systems department of the IT outsourcing department of Corus Consulting Group.

Although the technical possibility of switching to data analysis on cameras rather than in a data center already exists, this does not mean that a total transition to a new technology will be economically justified, says Pavel Svarnik, director of the Lanit-Integration strategic development center. According to him, a smart camera is two to six times more expensive than a conventional one. “In addition, retrospective analysis of events often requires all the content for a certain period, and not just fragments,” says Mr. Svarnik.

The question of the expediency of installing cameras with computing modules will be decided depending on specific tasks, says Ivan Pokrovsky, executive director of the Association of Russian Developers and Manufacturers of Electronics. At one point in the city, it will be necessary to quickly record incidents and recognize faces – there, the expert argues, there will be cameras with powerful computing modules, and at another point they can put cheaper ones – only with a motion sensor.

Nikolay Komlev, executive director of the Association of Computer and Information Technology Enterprises, points out the risks in the field of information security. “The logic of the state, which wants to have all the data at hand, is understandable, but in the event of a data leak, be it hacking or corruption, an attacker will gain access to very sensitive information. He will be able not only to track your movement around the city, but also to analyze your actions literally step by step in the future, ”warns Mr. Komlev. Automated analysis of incidents directly on cameras is possible only if it is not related to personal data, says Dmitry Dyrmovsky, general director of the CRT group. “For example, the task of face recognition, especially in the scenario of searching for criminals, is related to extra-confidential information, so it is absolutely impossible to place such data on the camera,” he warns.

Nikita Korolev

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