The international rating agency Moody`s changed the outlook for the rating of the economy of Italy, Slovakia and the Czech Republic from “stable” to “negative”. The long-term issuer ratings of the three countries in foreign and national currencies were confirmed at the previous levels – Baa3, A2 and Aa3, respectively. The agency attributed the deterioration in the rating forecasts of the Czech Republic and Slovakia to their dependence on Russian gas, the supply of which has decreased, which affects the economies of the countries. The change in Italy’s rating outlook at Moody’s was justified by the economic consequences of the Russian military operation in Ukraine. At the end of June, Moody’s announced Russia’s default on Eurobonds. The Central Bank (CB) of the Russian Federation called the reports of a default in Russia “assessments of individual experts.” The first deputy chairman of the Central Bank, Vladimir Chistyukhin, blamed the Western countries for the fact that they “had a hand in breaking the traditional channels for fulfilling obligations under Eurobonds.” On payments on Eurobonds in rubles – in the publication “Kommersant” “External debt will be calculated according to internal … .