The Ministry of Construction summed up the results of work in 2020 yesterday: at a meeting of the department’s collegium, officials stated that for the construction sector, the “covid” year ended generally well. Now the Ministry of Construction sees its task in maintaining the current accelerated pace of construction – they are necessary in order to ensure the commissioning of 85 million square meters desired by the authorities by the end of the year. m of housing. It is planned to maintain the current pace by removing administrative barriers and reducing the duration of the investment and construction cycle by 30%.
The Ministry of Construction continued the series of final collegia of departments yesterday: officials and members of the public council of the ministry gathered to discuss the results of their work in 2020. Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin, who oversees the construction industry, noted that the year was difficult for her – restrictions, periods of suspension of construction, outflow of labor migrants. However, as a result, the volume of housing commissioned, although insignificantly, exceeded the value of 2019 (82.2 million square meters versus 82 million square meters).
In 2021, the Ministry of Construction is faced with the task of achieving commissioning of 85 million square meters. m of housing. So far, officials stated yesterday, the dynamics of construction inspires them with optimism: in comparison with last year, in January-April, 28% more “squares” have been built (23.8 million sq. M. As of May 1). This, we note, is associated not only with the effect of a low base (in 2020, in April alone, the commissioning dropped by a third, and in general, over four months, 18.6 million square meters were commissioned), but also a real recovery in the pace of construction. Experts have already noted signs of a revival in the industry after the coronavirus crisis (see Kommersant on May 15). Yesterday’s commissioning data also testifies to this – even if we compare them with the indicators of the pre-crisis 2019 (19.6 million square meters were built in January-April then).
Another indicator of the industry’s recovery is the activity of investors in preparing new projects. According to Marat Khusnullin, “in 2020, the number of permits was decreasing, this trend was refracted only at the end of the year, and now the issuance is gaining momentum.” At this point, according to the Deputy Prime Minister, the volume of construction permits issued amounted to about 200 million square meters. m.
To maintain this pace, according to Marat Khusnullin, “it is necessary to create conditions for the release of new projects”. As noted by the head of the Ministry of Construction Irek Fayzullin, it is impossible without advanced design “:” We are aimed at quickly bringing contractors to construction sites. ” According to Marat Khusnullin, the “tractor” should be the integrated development of territories. Recall that this mechanism suggests the possibility of complete demolition of “depressed” quarters for their development with new housing (see Kommersant on December 23, 2020) and it has long been a subject of controversy. According to the Ministry of Construction, the urban planning potential in possible areas of integrated development (we are talking about plots with an area of more than 20 thousand hectares) is now estimated at more than 700 million square meters. m.
Another block of solutions that should speed up the construction process itself is the reduction of administrative barriers in the industry. This year, work continues to revise the mandatory requirements for the safety of buildings provided for in GOST and SNiPs. Last summer, this list, which numbered about 10 thousand requirements, was reduced by a third (the norms excluded from it are now observed voluntarily). This year, it is planned to transfer another 3.8 thousand points to the category of recommendations.
It is noteworthy that the reduction of construction time and, accordingly, the growth of supply on the market, officials also consider as a way to solve the problem of rising housing prices, provoked by the rush demand due to the program of preferential mortgages at 6.5%, the resulting shortage of housing, rising prices for building materials and shortage of manpower. “If we reduce the investment and construction cycle by 30%, housing will be cheaper, construction speed will be faster, money will come to the country’s economy in annual terms by 2 trillion rubles. more, ”the Deputy Prime Minister noted.