World Rosatom

As it became known to Kommersant, Rosatom will soon submit to the government a plan for the development of new nuclear technologies until 2030 for 506 billion rubles. Of these, about 150 billion rubles. proposed to be obtained from the budget. One of the goals of the plan is to increase the export of nuclear technology. The state corporation wants to launch a line of small nuclear power plants (up to 55 MW), hoping to end up with 20% of such projects around the world. In addition, Rosatom expects to start selling fuel for nuclear power plants of foreign design in order to become the leader in the international nuclear fuel market with a 24% share. The lobbying part of the plan, which sets the task of integrating nuclear energy into the climate agenda, is called upon to support the global expansion of the state corporation.

Rosatom has prepared a plan for the development of nuclear technologies, which should be included in the new strategy for the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation until 2030. The passport of the project “New Atomic Energy” was presented for assessment to the working group of the State Council on Energy (the document of April 26 is in the possession of “Kommersant”). Its cost is estimated at 506.34 billion rubles. for 2021–2030.

Of the total investment, 150.3 billion rubles. it is proposed to receive from the federal budget, taking into account the additional 98 billion rubles, previously not included in it.

The rest will be covered from unnamed extrabudgetary sources. It is assumed that in the near future the project will be presented to the government. Rosatom and the Energy Ministry did not comment.

The most expensive direction of the project is “Small atom” – implies the development and construction of a line of low-power NPPs. Its cost is estimated at RUB 260 billion, of which 39.15 billion rubles – from the budget.

The government did not find funds to finance a separate national project of Rosatom on nuclear science and technology

According to the plan, by December 31, 2028, four floating power units on the RITM-200 reactors (55 MW) will be launched to supply power to the Baimsky GOK. At the end of December 2030, it is planned to commission the first land-based nuclear power plant at RITM-200N: probably, we are talking about an NPP in Yakutia for the Kyuchusskoye gold deposit. By the end of 2030, Rosatom also expects to finalize and launch pilot plants Shelf M (up to 10 MW) and Elena AM (thermal power 5 Gcal / h, electric power – up to 400 kW), which can become energy sources for remote regions of the country.

Rosatom hopes to conclude the first export contract for small nuclear power plants at the end of 2026, and by the end of 2030 – for six power units.

By 2030, the state corporation expects to become “the leader in the world market for small nuclear power plants with a share of at least 20%.”

Now in the world there are about 70 projects of small modular nuclear power plants (up to 300 MW) in varying degrees of readiness, 17 of them are Russian. So far, only one small nuclear power plant has been commissioned in the world – the domestic floating station “Akademik Lomonosov” (70 MW). Three more facilities are under construction in the world – one station in Argentina (CAREME for 30 MW) and two in China (HTR-PM for 210 MW and ACP100 for 125 MW).

Small nuclear power plants have prospects within the framework of decarbonization strategies, but one should not expect commercial success in the next decade, says Vladimir Sklyar of VTB Capital. For full-fledged international supplies, the problem of high cost will have to be solved, the analyst warns: “For example, the RITM-200 project costs $ 4,000 per 1 kW, which is four to five times more expensive than renewable energy sources according to CAPEX and twice as expensive at the cost of a kilowatt hour.” Other challenging issues include reliability and safety. Foreign customers want to see years, or better yet, decades of safe operation of a serial sample as proof of the safety of the technology, and small NPPs have yet to work out such hours, which closes the possibility of significant demand in the medium term, says Vladimir Sklyar.

Head of Atomenergomash Andrey Nikipelov on garbage, liquefied gas and small nuclear power units

Head of Atomenergomash Andrey Nikipelov on garbage, liquefied gas and small nuclear power units

The second direction of the Rosatom project is “Waste-free atom” – concerns the development of technologies for a closed nuclear fuel cycle and the construction of fast reactors. BREST-300 with a lead coolant is planned to be launched at the end of December 2027, and at the end of 2030 the design documentation for the BN-1200M with a sodium coolant will be ready. The cost of all events – 222.65 billion rubles., of which 121.37 billion rubles are extrabudgetary sources.

The third direction – “Pure atom to the world”… This section talks about the plans of the Russian Federation to supply abroad nuclear fuel for nuclear power plants of foreign design: in 2022, the first contract is planned (one complete overload), and by the end of 2030 – the formation of a portfolio of four contracts and the expansion of the supply base by 18 PWR units (fuel assemblies of square section “TVS-square”). The goal of Rosatom is to occupy 24% of the world market by 2030 (now 17%). Rosatom already has a commercial contract for the supply of TVS-Kvadrat for the Swedish nuclear power plant Ringhals, as well as a contract for the pilot commercial operation of fuel with one of the nuclear power plant operators in the United States.

Another task of Rosatom is to obtain at the world level “confirmation of the possibility of recognizing nuclear energy as a tool for combating climate change.”

It is about including nuclear power in taxonomies and other climate policy documents. The total cost of the referral is 23.39 billion rubles., of which about 10 billion rubles are budget funds.

Polina Smertina

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