Rosturizm determined the initial structure of the new draft law on tourism, which included 15 chapters, regulating, in particular, the powers of the authorities, business relations with tourists, requirements for accommodation facilities and other tourist facilities. Business participants were hostile to the concept of the regulator, since the document does not provide for solutions to the acute problems of the industry.
The basis for creating a new bill on tourism will be the structure proposed by Rostourism. This is stated in the minutes of the meeting of the working group on improving regulatory regulation in tourism (a copy is available from “Kommersant”). Four working groups will be engaged in the development of the bill.
The controversy around the need to adopt a new law on tourism activities has been ongoing since 2020. The head of Rostourism Zarina Doguzova previously explained that 132-FZ has existed since 1996 and has not been seriously updated. In April, she talked about plans to develop a new version by the end of 2021. Ms. Doguzova drew attention to the need to prescribe separately the issues of refunds to tourists, hotel classification, standards for tourist infrastructure facilities, digitalization.
The press service of Rostourism “Kommersant” explained that the new law will replace the existing 132-FZ, adding that work on it is being carried out within the framework of the federal project “Improving management in the field of tourism” of the national project “Tourism and the hospitality industry.” Over the next few years, Rosturizm also plans to supplement and update the entire package of standards and regulatory legal acts, taking into account the modern realities of the market.
At the suggestion of the Federal Tourism Agency, the new document may consist of 15 chapters. They will regulate the powers of officials, the rights and obligations of tourists, the activities of accommodation facilities and tourist infrastructure facilities, the work of guides and guides, issues of ensuring the safety and insurance of tourists, etc. The draft law also plans to display master plans for the development and financing of tourist territories. operation of the “Electronic ticket” system.
Adjustment of the tourism legislation is unlikely to be quick and painless – business is already expressing dissatisfaction with the developed concept. Roman Yeremyan, Deputy Chairman of the Council of the Tourism and Hospitality Union, believes that the main drawback of the current version of the document is the lack of prescribed goals and objectives. Another important remark, the expert calls the fact that in the original plan, the points on the powers of special tourism management bodies and the regulation of areas of intensive tourism development (for example, special economic zones) were not separately spelled out. In addition, Mr. Yeremyan considers it necessary to add additional chapters to the draft law on the development of tourism infrastructure.
Marina Gritsun, chairman of the Union of Organizers of Children’s Active Tourism, calls the current version of the document crude: “It does not solve the problems facing the industry.” Aleksey Kozhevnikov, vice-president of Opora Rossii, believes that so far the structure of the new bill duplicates the existing 132-FZ. He proposes to prescribe measures of state support for small and medium-sized businesses, lay the topic of non-refundable tariffs, the abolition of price parity, control over the activities of online aggregators, rules for whitewashing the market.
The head of the Association of Kazan and Tatarstan Hotels, Gulnara Safina, explains that it is fundamentally important for business to prescribe in detail many regulations within the framework of the new law: it is impossible to solve them within the framework of bylaws in the existing legal system. “For example, that is why now hotels cannot achieve the emergence of non-refundable rates, in Russia the priority of legislation on consumer protection has been established,” she explains. Ms Safina points out that in aviation a similar issue was resolved precisely within the framework of the reform of the Air Code.