The government is preparing to launch a digital system for supporting small businesses on the principle of “one window” – the experiment is scheduled for August and will last until 2023, follows from the draft government decree prepared by the Ministry of Economy. During this time, the authorities expect to establish data exchange between departments, form digital profiles of companies and test services – by 2025 there will be at least 27 of them. In the future, state support should become proactive and build on the basis of big data: such a mechanism will allow the government and business associations concentrate on solving complex problems of setting up the business climate.
The Ministry of Economy expects to launch an experiment on digital support for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) starting from August 2, according to a draft government decree published on regulation.gov.ru. We are talking about the consolidation of all the services necessary for a business on a digital platform operating in a “one window” mode. The experiment will last until the end of 2022, the report of the Ministry of Economy will be submitted to the government.
The launch of the digital platform is provided for by the updated national project for the development of SMEs. The government indicated that this would allow introducing a targeted and proactive approach to supporting business. At the same time, the system is planned to be multi-stage: the state will accompany SMEs as they grow, offering services for development, and it will be easier to take advantage of support measures for companies that have already received it at the initial stage.
As part of the experiment, the government will create an information and analytical system that will form a “digital profile” of the user based on official and commercial data – for this, the exchange of data between the participants in the experiment will be established. In addition to the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Finance and the Federal Tax Service participate in it, other ministries and the Central Bank can join on a voluntary basis, as well as development institutions, banks, insurance and leasing companies, microfinance organizations, etc. They will have access to data on the constituent documents of companies, the average number of employees and bank accounts , tax payments, information on obtaining state support. The digital profile should provide targeted selection of services and services depending on the needs of companies.
After the reform of development institutions, support for small business will be concentrated in the SME Corporation JSC. As its general director Alexander Isaevich explained to Kommersant, first of all, services will be launched to start a business (preparation of documents for state registration of a business), a block of educational and acceleration programs, a legislative digest, in simple language and schematically describing industry changes, as well as industry business analytics – it will allow entrepreneurs to make management decisions more accurately. The number of services and super services will gradually increase, by 2025 – at least 27. “The launch of a legal experiment, which will last until the end of 2022, is aimed at reducing the burden on business,” he explains.
The government in the new structure will focus on adjusting regulation: the service approach should free the government from solving the private problems of companies in favor of adjusting the business climate – for this, the White House is building a systematic model of working with the expert community on regulatory issues (see Kommersant, March 19) … The head of Opora Rossii, Alexander Kalinin, points out that the digital platform will free the organization from issues in which it should not be a moderator, for example, in the case of delays in obtaining loans by companies from the bank.
In general, it is expected that the consolidation of data on the recipients of state support will allow the authorities to analyze its volume and effectiveness and further focus support measures in promising sectors. At the same time, First Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Belousov previously announced his readiness, in exchange for openness of companies, to build broad support for them, including on the basis of their business indicators (see Kommersant, June 3). “The digital platform, due to big data, should not only meet the direct requests of entrepreneurs, but, based on the analysis, provide it with the services necessary for development. But this is not an easy task, ”the expert warns.