The fewer the residents, the sweeter the benefits

Special investment regimes in the Far East – advanced development territories (TOP) and the free port of Vladivostok – faced a shortage of investors: during the pandemic, the growth in the number of residents slowed down sharply, Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev complained to the board of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, proposing to introduce targets for each TOP. The ministry itself has prepared amendments to facilitate access to benefits, and want to speed up the creation of infrastructure at the expense of extrabudgetary funds.

From the launch of special investment modes, 1.8 trillion rubles were attracted to the Far East as a whole. investments – 31 rubles. private for 1 rub. budget, said Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev at the board of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East on Friday. However, against the backdrop of the pandemic and the reform of development institutions, the number of new investors in the PDA decreased by 30% – from 95 in 2019 to 67 in 2020. Since the beginning of the year, only 13 organizations have become new residents. The same situation is in the free port of Vladivostok – 37 residents appeared in five months, but 91 agreements were terminated. Yuri Trutnev asked Minister Alexei Chekunkov and the governors to increase the flow of investors – and to develop goals for this for each TOP and region. The goal is the growth of the regional economy at least 7-8% per year. Also, the Deputy Prime Minister asked to accelerate the construction of infrastructure in the TOP (53 out of 116 facilities are behind schedule). For this, in particular, the functions of construction control and financing of infrastructure projects will be transferred to the regional level.

Alexey Chekunkov noted that the growth of the GRP of the Far East Federal District in 2014-2020 has already outstripped the all-Russian (5.1% against 2.4%), the district has completed the merger of several structures for increasing investment attractiveness on the basis of the Corporation for the Development of the Far East and a decision has been made to create an investment accelerator , in order to “accelerate the creation of infrastructure three to five times” (the plans are to attract 500 billion rubles of off-budget investments in three years, see Kommersant on April 26).

The State Duma is already considering amendments that will make it possible to enlarge the ASEZ within one region, as well as introduce a single “negative” list of activities (everything that is not included in it will be allowed). So far in the TOP and the free port of Vladivostok, according to the KRDV, there are 2,684 investors who have entered into investment agreements of 5.4 trillion rubles. RUB 1.6 trillion have already been invested (66 thousand places have been created out of 180 thousand declared). The free port of Vladivostok accounts for 1.1 trillion rubles. promised investments and 2 thousand residents who promised to create 87 thousand jobs. There are fewer residents in the TOP, but investment plans are wider – in the Primorsky Territory by 1.26 trillion rubles, in the Amur Region – by 1.8 trillion (almost all of them are in the Svobodny TOP, where the Amur Gas Processing Plant and the Amur Gas Chemical Plant are being built). In third place is the Chukotka ASEZ (606.6 million rubles). Least of all agreements are in Buryatia and the Jewish Autonomous Region (by 10.6 million rubles and 7.4 million rubles, respectively).

The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is now also responsible for the development of the Arctic – it has become a free economic zone. Its residents are 100 companies that have promised to invest 215 billion rubles. and create 6.3 thousand jobs. The ministry expects that this and an increase in demand (including through the organization of containerized cargo transportation) will increase the turnover of the Northern Sea Route from 30 million to 80 million tons. Air passenger traffic in the Far East should double due to the creation of a single airline (based on the Aurora carrier), an increase in the fleet and the introduction of the possibility of purchasing subsidized tickets online. Among other innovations, those who received the “Far Eastern hectare” (89 thousand in total) will be able to count on one more, and from August 1, the program of free land allocation in the Arctic will start – in the first six months this right will be received by residents of the Arctic regions, then it will be extended to all citizens RF and participants in the compatriot resettlement program. The ministry also plans to solve the problem with a shortage of housing through integrated development projects – they will be subject to the TOP regime.

Tatiana Edovina

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