The Association of Computer and Information Technology Enterprises (APKIT) criticized the bill, which extends the requirement of the “Yarovaya package” for three-year storage of traffic to the internal communication networks of large companies. We can talk about hundreds of terabytes of data. If the initiative is adopted, companies will have to increase the cost of purchasing data storage systems (DSS). At the same time, experts say, the demand for domestic equipment may seriously grow.
Kommersant got acquainted with the letter of APKIT, which was sent on June 24 to the head of the State Duma committee on information policy, IT and communications, Alexander Khinshtein. The document criticizes the amendments to the law “On Communications” introduced to the State Duma by the government on April 19 and scheduled for consideration in the fall. The committee told Kommersant that so far “they have not had the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the letter.”
The amendments extend the requirements of the Yarovaya package for three-year storage of voice traffic, messages, photos, video and other data to technological communication networks whose owners have an autonomous system number (a system of IP networks and routers managed by one or more operators).
We are talking about the internal communication networks of large companies that use them for economic activities: production management, logistics, distributed devices. These can be banks, transport, industrial and energy enterprises, says Director General of the Institute for Internet Research Karen Ghazaryan. The owners of the largest technological communication networks in Russia, according to him, are Gazprom, Russian Railways, ALROSA, MMC Norilsk Nickel, LUKOIL and so on. The companies did not respond to Kommersant’s inquiries.
The adoption of the bill will entail significant additional costs for many IT companies, digital economy companies and the real sector engaged in digital transformation, follows from the letter of APKIT. Moreover, in contrast to the actual practice of the gradual introduction of the “Yarovaya law” into action, the draft establishes a 90-day term for entry into force for the new requirement, the association notes.
According to the executive director of APKIT Nikolay Komlev, it is still difficult to assess the losses incurred by companies with technological communication networks. “The obligation to store internal metadata will force them to purchase a significant amount of equipment. And only at the initial stage it is hundreds of terabytes, ”he says. Telecommunications operators estimated the costs of implementing the Yarovaya Law at tens of billions of rubles: for example, in 2019, MTS spoke of 50 billion rubles. for five years, in “MegaFon” a little earlier – about 40 billion rubles. for the same period.
For the first time, the government’s plans to extend the Yarovaya package to technological communication networks became known in June 2020. The Ministry of Digital Affairs, together with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the FSB and the Ministry of Economy, developed a draft law and published it for public discussion. The initiative was then criticized by the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RUIE), believing that its implementation would lead to risks of disrupting the technological processes of enterprises, reducing the level of safety of these processes. Another problem, according to the RUIE, will be the determination of the network capacity. The size of the stored traffic depends on it: for example, providers that own a license for data transmission, with the exception of voice, from July 1, 2018 must store 0.35 PB per 1 Gb / s capacity.
Bringing technological communication networks under the Yarovaya package is a long and expensive process, agrees TelecomDaily CEO Denis Kuskov. Perhaps, he notes, this idea is primarily intended to stimulate demand for Russian storage systems. If we talk about technological networks, then we can rather talk about increasing demand not for Russian storage systems, but for domestic telecommunication equipment, for example, switches, adds Ivan Pokrovsky, executive director of the Association of Developers and Manufacturers of Electronics. “Traditionally, technical networks are the only segment where Russian telecom equipment manufacturers are actively present and compete with foreign manufacturers, which cannot be said about public networks,” he notes. In his opinion, such an initiative will help them to further strengthen their position in the market.