As part of restarting the investment cycle, the government approved a roadmap for transforming the business climate in industrial construction. This plan is designed to help fulfill the authorities’ strategic goal of increasing private investment in the Russian economy. It is assumed that the approved measures – in particular, the creation of a regulatory framework for the application of new technologies and the simplification of various procedures in industrial construction – by 2030 will reduce the time required for the creation of such facilities by 40% and costs by 20%.
The government has approved a roadmap for the so-called reengineering of industrial building regulations. We are talking about improving the business climate in this area by reducing the time for creating industrial facilities by 40% by 2030 and costs by 20%. The measures should become one of the key elements of the launch of a new investment cycle, along with the fine-tuning of the mechanism of agreements on the protection and promotion of investments, as well as support for projects in the regions. As First Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Belousov explained earlier, two waves of regulatory changes are planned in the field of industrial construction: “road map” events, as well as an analysis of the best practices and “client paths” of investors.
Industrial construction is a very large segment of the market. In 2019, its volume was estimated at 3.3 trillion rubles, which is slightly less than half of the total volume of construction work for the year. According to forecasts, the figure should rise to 7.5 trillion rubles. by 2030 and up to 9.2 trillion rubles – by 2035. The need to deregulate the industry is caused, in particular, by the fact that Russian indicators of the time and cost of construction of industrial facilities are about one and a half times worse than in other developed countries.
Most of the events take place in 2022. 37 measures cover the entire construction cycle – several blocks are dedicated to simplifying procedures from the design stage to commissioning. For example, it is planned to reduce the number of types of zones with special conditions of use, to create a unified form of agreement on connection to utility networks and the possibility of technological connection within the framework of the “one window” procedure. Other measures include the ability to design preparatory work separately from the preparation of design documentation for the main facility and obtain permission to perform preparatory work, which will “save” a year of construction. It is planned to reduce it by another six months by introducing the institute of standard design solutions.
Some initiatives are indicated only by “large strokes” – for example, the formation by May 2023 of a regulatory framework for the application of new remote control and monitoring technologies. We are talking, in particular, about the introduction of BIM-technologies (information modeling of objects), aeromonitoring and augmented reality technologies. It is assumed that this should increase labor productivity in the field of industrial construction, which was assessed by the authorities as rather low. Note that such technologies are already being applied in practice, but not very widely due to the lack of regulation. According to a survey by Delovaya Rossiya, BIM technology has become a design standard for only 12% of builders.
In addition, it is planned to recognize design documentation made in foreign standardization systems, so that the building can be built without redesign, but with confirmation of safety in a simplified manner. At the same time, by September 2022, it is planned to prepare a bill that will justify technical solutions in the field of security based on Eurocodes, “green standards”, as well as standards of other countries – for example, China.
As Olga Torbich, deputy head of the Spatial Development Department of the Center for Strategic Research, notes, “a lot has already been done in terms of reducing administrative barriers, but this is not enough – there are still difficult moments of overregulation of processes and their overlap”. In her opinion, the “road map” will partially solve a number of problems, but these are not all the issues on the agenda. “In 2023, it will be possible to give the first estimates of the changes,” says Olga Torbich.